Sabaudia is one of the four Foundation Cities of the Province of Latina, built in the fascist period after the reclamation of the Agro Pontino. Located in a strategic position (85 km from Rome and 25 from Latina), it is immersed in the nature of the Circeo National Park, between the forest, Lake Paola and the sea, which today holds 18 Blue Flags.
The city was born following a design competition won by the architects Cancellotti, Montuori, Piccinato and Scalpelli, all members of the Italian movement for Rational Architecture (M.I.A.R.). It is no coincidence that its urban structure is characterized almost exclusively by classic fascist rationalism and undoubtedly represents the most obvious example, so much so that even today Sabaudia is under the lens of students and researchers from universities around the world.
On 5 August 1933 the first stone of the city was laid, which was given the name of Sabaudia in honor of the Savoy House, the ruling dynasty. On April 15, 1934, after 253 days of work, the city was inaugurated by King Vittorio Emanuele III and Queen Elena of Montenegro. From that day Sabaudia, thanks to the architectural structure, the natural wonders, the historical-archaeological sites and the priceless beauty scenarios, has become an important tourist center as well as a renowned seaside resort.
The regatta course in Sabaudia is situated on Lake Paola, a coastal brackish lake, within the Circeo National Park. The lake has an area of approximately 3.9km² and only rowing, canoeing and fishing activity is permitted on the lake. Sabaudia is one of several towns built on the reclaimed marshland of the Pontine Marshesduring the 1930s.
The Circeo National Park is one of the most ancient protected natural areas in Italy. Located in the stretch of coast between Anzio and Terracina, it covers over 5000 hectares. Inside the park there is Mount Circeo(at the foot of which is located the start of the regatta course), the island of Zannone, many caves by the sea (some of which are connected to the legend of Ulyssesand the sorceress Circe, from which the mountain takes its name) and the forest covered with Mediterranean Scrub and composed of different types of trees. Over the years, there have also been many archaeological finds that testify to the presence of man since prehistoric times.
What to see?
It is the most interesting archaeological site in the area, it covers 46 hectares included in an integral reserve area in the Circeo National Park. The imperial villa was built on the structures of a previous late republican coastal villa. Today it presents itself with an imposing rectilinear façade, built along the shore of Lake Sabaudia with a grandiose work of banqueting. It has a thermal bathing area characterized by the typical calidarium-tepidarium-frigidarium tripartition, an outdoor gym, two exedras, a banquet hall, a four-sided portico. In the area it is also possible to visit the numerous cisterns and traces of the aqueducts that ensured the water supply to the Villa. (Free admission on reservation).
Port canal that connects Lake Sabaudia to the sea. It was commissioned by Nero as part of a grandiose project that was supposed to unite Rome with Naples by means of a navigation system in inland waters (coastal lakes and canals).
541 m high limestone relief, the icon of the Circeo National Park, with a profile that has always unleashed human imagination, making it the home of gods, sorceresses and heroes over the centuries. The Promontory is the most characteristic landscape element of the whole Pontine area. Its internal side, called the “cold quarter”, houses a dense forest of evergreen oaks. While on the opposite side, the “hot quarter”, exposed to the south and close to the sea, the environmental conditions determine Mediterranean vegetation with species resistant to salt, drought and high temperatures. The widespread presence of numerous caves on the sea side makes this environment particularly interesting from a geo-speleological point of view and, due to the numerous finds found, also of considerable prehistoric interest. The best known cave is the Guattari Cave where a Neanderthal skull was found in 1939.